ANSWERS TO HORSE-DRAWN QUIZ
- Back in the days of horse-drawn transportation, why did some people have their bells custom made incorporating different sizes of bells? MA General Laws, Chapter 89, Section 3: No person shall travel on a way with a sleigh or sled drawn by a horse, unless there are at least three bells attached to some part of the harness. Bells were a good “early warning” system to pedestrians and other folks on the road that horses or horse-drawn vehicles were heading their way. For horse-drawn livery or vendors, the bells also served as a commercial to let potential customers know they were in the area — kind of like an old-school ice cream truck. Bells were cast until the end of the 1800s, when an American manufacturer developed a process to stamp bells out of sheet metal, greatly expediting the production process.
- What was the first horse-drawn vehicle referred to as? The earliest form of a “carriage” (from Old Northern French meaning to carry in a vehicle) was the chariot in Mesopotamia around 3,000 BC. It was nothing more than a two-wheeled basin for a couple of people and pulled by one or two horses.
- What year was it estimated automobiles first outnumbered horse-drawn vehicles? Experts cite 1910 as the year that automobiles finally outnumbered horses and buggies. Nowadays, the Amish still use horse and buggy rides to get around. They’re also popular in New York City in addition to a number of different cities all over the world. Ultimately, horse and carriage tours have a very rich history, and that makes taking a ride all the more enjoyable.
- How much does the average Percheron weigh? Percheron’s average 16 to 17 hands (64 to 68 inches) high and weigh 1,900 to 2,100 pounds. The head is fairly small and clean cut, the neck long, and the body well muscled.
- Modern day Driving is about sport and recreation. It is far more tangible to us now, thanks to a figurehead who helped bring it all together. Who is this influential person? Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, was president of the FEI from 1964 to 1986. The Duke was instrumental in setting out the international rules for horse Driving trials or, as it’s also known, Combined Driving. It became an FEI discipline in 1970 and it was the start of his love for the sport.
- When were horse-drawn carriages the most popular form of transportation in the USA?Horse drawn carriages were among the most popular forms of transportation between the years of 1815 and 1915. During the same time period, horseback riding itself was growing in popularity but required more specialized skills and expertise. It also seemed to be reserved for the more affluent members of society. It’s also important to note that at this time, the automobile hadn’t yet been mass produced, which made it extremely unaffordable for the vast majority of people.That’s why it was mostly the lower and middle class citizens that took advantage of the benefits of the horse and buggy method of transportation.
- How many horses does it take to officially qualify as a “team”? One horse pulling is known as a single, two horses pulling are a pair, three horses pulling are a trio and four or more horses pulling are a team. Since 1910, the Teamsters logo has consisted of two horses’ heads, representing the complimentary forces of strength that are inherent in the union. The horses’ names are Thunder and Lightning. Together, they symbolically represent the pillars of the union: quality and power, dignity and justice, strength and morality.
- What was the attendant on horseback who often rode ahead of or next to a carriage referred to as? An attendant on horseback called an “outrider” often rode ahead of or next to a carriage.
- Approximately how much does each harness, collar, and bridle weigh in combination which a draft horse needs to wear in order to pull a horse-drawn vehicle? A draft size harness, collar and bridle are approximately 50 pounds combined weight.
- What is the amount of power needed to move a horse-drawn vehicle called? Draft or Draught
- What is the harness collar filled with?
Traditionally collars have been made of leather stuffed with either long straw (seldom available now), or chopped straw blown in and packed tightly in the collar cavity. Years ago most collars were done with “long Straw” which was slipped into the collar case by hand and tightly packed. Heavy duty pulling or logging collars are sometimes still available with long straw and made by hand.
- What is the name of the largest Union in the United States?
The Teamsters are America’s largest, most diverse union. In 1903, the Teamsters started as a merger of the two leading team driver associations. These drivers were the backbone of America’s robust economic growth.